A pre-text call is a phone call that is set up by law enforcement in order to get you to confess or make a statement that can later be used against you in court. Generally, it starts with you receiving a phone call from the alleged victim. This alleged victim starts asking you if you remember doing XYZ or do you remember when you said ABC. They often tell you things to try to pull at your emotions. The police are not only directing this alleged victim and the questions he or she is asking but they are also recording the call.
If you receive an “odd” phone call by someone you know and they are asking you questions that focus on a type of crime or questionable conduct, simply end the call. Do not engage in the conversation because it could be a “set up” and result in your being charged and then later convicted of a crime.
Truly, the most important thing to remember is to request an attorney as soon as possible. Do not agree to answer any questions or consent to any search until you have spoken with a qualified and experienced criminal defense lawyer. Other than that, it is important to try and stay calm and cooperative. The police may have the right to conduct a limited search of your person, vehicle, or immediate surroundings; you should not obstruct them in any way, but let your attorney know the facts regarding your arrest when you speak with him or her.
Like the decision over whether to testify on your own behalf, the decision to accept a plea or not is a decision you must make after being informed of the options and potential consequences. The outcome of every trial is uncertain no matter how strong the case is, so it is sometimes preferable to plea guilty for a lesser sentence rather than face the potential for much heavier consequences if convicted. Your attorney can help you evaluate the strength of your defense and the prosecutor’s case and inform you of the potential punishments you face, so that you can make an informed decision about how you want to proceed.
In almost all situations, the police do not have a right to search your home without a valid search warrant. Of course, police may conduct a search anytime you give them your consent. There is almost never any situation where consenting to a search is a good idea; if you are unsure, contact an attorney for advice before you consent.
If the police have a search warrant, or if they tell you they have a right to search your premises, you should cooperate and not attempt to obstruct them. Contact an attorney as soon as possible after the search. If the search was unlawful, your attorney can have any evidence obtained in the search suppressed at trial.
In many cases, the police conduct lengthy investigations before they make any arrests. It is sometimes hard to know whether you are being targeted as a suspect, or if the police are only trying to get information from you. In most instances, regardless of what the police say, questioning is done in order to get the person to say something incriminating; he or she is already a suspect.
The police only have to “read you your rights,” also known as Miranda warnings, when you have been arrested or are in custodial interrogation, meaning that you are not free to leave. Whether you have been arrested or not, you always have the right to remain silent, and you always have the right to consult your attorney before agreeing to answer any questions. Even if you want to help and cooperate with police questioning, you have nothing to lose and everything to gain by contacting an attorney before you do so. Your attorney may wish to advise you beforehand or be present for the questioning. If you are being investigated, your attorney may be able to influence what specific charges are brought or work to avoid having any charges brought against you at all.